Wadi Rum is one-hour drive from Aqaba.
The ancient Philadelphia in the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine era is the capital city of modern Jordan.
Amman's history goes back 4500 years BC. A panoramic view of the city is possible from the Citadel.
The Citadel has other archaeological sites like the Omayyad Palace, Temple of Hercules and the remains
of the Byzantine Church.
Ajloun is 27 Km to the north west of Jerash. In Ajloun you can see the only Castle built as a wholly Islamic castel. Known as Qala'at Ar Rabadh, Built to check Crusader expansion. xIn the Mamlukes time, the castle was used also as stopover for the pigeons post which could relay messages from Baghdad to Cairo.
In 1260 the castle was cuncored by the Mongols.
The Castle suffered earthquake damages in the last 200 years. In the Spring and summer time
a lot of Jordanian visit this area, it is known for it's forests as Dibeen , Ashtafena and Zai national parks.
Olives, vines, oak and pine trees make the hills almost the whole year green.
Jerash is about 45 km to the north of Amman. Jerash is one of the best-preserved and most complete
provincial Roman cities anywhere in the world. As you walk through the ancient city, you find yourself
back in the world of the 2nd Century A.D. provincial cities along the southeastern border
of the Roman Empire. Jerash is the most spectacular of these cities, ten of which were loosely allied
in an association of cities called the Decapolis.
It flourished as a provincial trading city in the 1C AD, and reached it's peak in the 2nd Century AD.
Jerash reflects the coexistence of the Arab orient and the Greco-Roman world.
The city was linked to Damascus to the north, Philadephia to the south, Pella to the west.
The excavations clarified that the city existed for over 1,000 years. Jerash ruins are
of Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and early Islamic periods. Could be seen within 3 hours.
Among the remains you can watch the Hadrian's Arch, Hippodrome, South Gate, City wall,
Temple of Zeus, Oval Plaza, South Theatre, Churches and the main street.
For tow or three weeks every July, the renovated ruins of Jerash come alive with the festival.
Queen Noor inaugurated the festival in 1981. The festival offers an opportunity for western
Arabic folklore; hear oriental music and experience Arabic culture.
Lies on the edge of a plateau with magnificent views over the Lake of Tiberias and the Yarmuk gorge
to the Golan Heights. Was famous for its poets, satirists and philosophers.
Among the ancient remains are a black basalt theatre, the basilica, shops,
underground mausoleum and the colonnaded main street.
Umm Al Jimal
It is the best preserved of the Hauran cities. Umm Al Jimal was close to the ancient trade routes that linked central Jordan with Syria with Iraq. Built of the local black basalt stone.
The city was enclosed by a city wall, you can watch the remains of the Nabatean,
Roman and Byzantine period. Charches, Chapels, water cisterns, water channels,
houses and the city wall could be seen in the city.
The buildings included bathhouses, spacious courtyards and halls for audiences or for entertainment, frescoes and mosaic. The best preserved are Qasr
Al Mushatta, Qasr Al Haraneh, Qusayr Amra, Qasr Al Azraq, Qasr Hsmmsm As Sarah and Qasr al Hallabat.
Tabaqat Fahl (Pella)
Above the modern town of Mashare in the Jordan valley are the remains of the ancient city of Pella,
exactly at sea level altitude.
The ruins overlook the Jordan Valley. The site is inhabited since the stone ages. Evidences of a Neolithic
Farming village was found. Remains of Chalcolithic settlement were excavated. Evidences of the Bronze
ages and the Iron ages.
After the Roman siege, the early Christians fled to Pella. In the seventh century the Islamic army defeated
the Byzantine army.
The Baptism site was called in the Biblical time as Bethany beyond the Jordan. Located at or around the natural hill at Tell el Kharrar where John the Baptist lived, preached and baptized,
the village of Bethany beyond the Jordan was explicitly mentioned in the Bible, John 1:28
“Bethany beyond the Jordan where John was Baptized”, while John 10:40 mentions an incident when Jesus escaped from hostile Pharisees in Jerusalem and “went away again across the
Jordan to the place where John at first baptizing”.
The region of Bethany beyond the Jordan witnessed many significant associations with ancient
prophets and biblical personalities including Moses, Joshua, Elisha. The main mound at tell
el-Kharrar has long been calls Elijah’s Hill, or tell Mar Elias in Arabic. It has been identified
as the place from which Prophet Elijah ascended to heaven in a whirlwind on a chariot
and horses of fire after having parted the water of the River Jordan and walked across it
with his successor the Prophet Elisha.
In the Roman periodtThe Bethany area Known as Betennaboris.
The 6th century AD Byzantine Madaba mosaic map of the Holy Land labels it as “Ainon” where now is Saphsaphas.
(The name “Saphsaphas” comes from the Arabic word for willow tree).
Starting with a small hill where Elijah ascended to heaven in the fiery chariot, this vally cross over the ancient road between Mount Nebo and Jericho and ends by the River Jordan, where churches dedicated to John the Baptist were later built.
The Dead Sea, one of Jordan’s most popular countryside, offers fascination biblical,
archeological, and historical background. Located between Jordan, West Bank and Israel, this unique salt lake has an interesting history that starts with Sodom and Gomorrah, and the Prophets lived and passed around the Dead Sea. Ancient buildings, like Lot cave, the docks at al-Zara and the mountain fortress of Mukawer still stand as living proof.
The Dead Sea occupies the north portion of the Syrian East African Rift Valley. Its surface, at 412m below sea level, is the lowest water surface on earth. The salt lake is 76 km long and has a maximum width of about 14-km; its area is approximately 1,049 sq. km.
There are many sites of biblical importance like Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John the Baptist lived.
Another example is Mukawer, where Herod Antipas imprisoned and then beheaded John the Baptist.
If we go back to the Iron Age, we find that the Kingdoms of Moab and Edom settled the eastern
side. In the sixth century BC, the Nabateans settled around the Eastern Shore.
Through the past centuries the Dead Sea has had various names. Its oldest is Bahr Lut, the Sea of Lot.To the Nabatean, it was lake Asphaltites because of the lumps of asphalt that was periodically thrown up from its depths.
As for the Christians of the Middle Ages, they referred to it as the "Devil’s Sea," while their Arab contemporaries used to call it the Stinking Sea," presumably because of the smell of sulfur emitted from several places along the shore. The Sea of Zughar, after the town that escaped destruction and flourished in the Middle Ages.
Dead Sea can be located in the old Madaba Map made from mosaic, dated to the six century,
where we can easily observe the Jordan River flowing into the lake.
If we take a closer look at the map, we see four fishes swimming in the River, symbolizing life and fertility to the grounds around it. As for the Dead Sea, we don’t find any living creatures, but we recognize two boats with men onboard collecting or maybe even carrying salt from one place to another.
It is the ancient rout between Amman and Petra. In the 1st millennium BC this rout liked
the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab and Edom. In the Nabatean times it was used to transport
goods like frankincense, Myrrh, and spices from the Southern Arabia to the Mediterranean,
Hellenistic and the Roman world. Along this route are the most historical sites of Jordan.
It goes along the mountains to the east of the Dead Sea. You drive through the small towns,
which are depending on agriculture.
Madaba is the city of mosaics. Madaba was rebuilt in the19th Century.
The city was part of the land of the Moabites. Now a day it is famous for the Palestine map.
The map shows the central parts of the Holy Land and Nil Delta in Egypt.
In the City there are 14 churches from the Byzantine era.
The visit of Madaba Archeological Park and the Museum is a must.
It's 700m above the Sea level, 1100m above the Dead Sea. The place is one of Jordan's most sacred sites. According to the Bible, it is the place from where Moses viewed the Holy Land in Canaan and where he died and was buried in a nearby valley.
During the Byzantine times a Memorial Church to Moses was built.
From Mount Nebo on a clear day you can see the Dead Sea, the Dark green of the Jordan Valley and Jericho.
Karak was mentioned in the Mesha'a inscription about 850 BC. The strategic position gave the city it's importance. Moabites, Nabataeans, Byzantines, Crusaders, Ayubbides,
Mamelukes and Ottomans were the inhabitants of the city.
The massive castle was built in the 12th century by the crusaders.
Karak suffered earthquake damages in the last five hundred years.
It is well known as one of the relaxing places in Jordan. It's 41 km far away from Amman.
The area is famous for the hot springs and waterfalls, which are known for a wide range
of therapeutic treatments.
This Herodian fortress palace, named Macherud in Greek, is known today as Mukawir,
and is located 66 km south west of Amman.
It retains the memories of some very h dramatic ancient human and political events,
including the beheading of John the Baptist, a Jewish revolt against the Roman rule,
and prolonged Roman siege and destruction of the rebels.
Umm Al Rasas
The Town of Um Al Rasas, as it is known, was an important town in the Nabatean times
and became a frontier station in the Roman time. The city wall, houses and churches are
the remains of the ancient Kastron Mefaa.
Shobak Castle was known as Montreal in the Crusader times. The Castle was the first caste
built by the Crusader in 1115 AD.
The jewel of South Jordan is Petra, the unique, 2,000-year-old rock-carved city,
and the pink colored capital of the Nabataean Arabs.
Originating from the Arabian Peninsula, the nomadic Nabatu tribes settled in Edom in
the south of present-day Jordan about the sixth century BC. The wealth and political power
of this indigenous Arab people derived from their control of the international trade routes that linked
China, India and Southern Arabia with the wealthy Mediterranean markets such as; Anatolia, Greece,
Rome, Egypt and Syria.
Throughout the 1C BC and 1C AD Petra reflected the influence of Occidental and
Oriental civilizations at that time.
Petra is best known for the dramatic tomb facades, which are carved in sandstone.
It was the city of the nabatean kings. A walk in Petra begins with the Siq - a natural fault through the mountain- a spectacular gorge about 1207m long. Siq end by he Treasury, the magical monument, which were carved deeply into the rock. From the Treasury to the Theater you pass several tombs.
Theater should be curved in the 1C BC from the solid rock. On the opposite of the Theater you can visit the Royal Tombs. Walk down to the best-preserved part of the colonnaded Street.
In the city center there are the ruins of nabatean Temples and the Byzantine church.
About 2-3 hours walk from Qasr Al Bint to Al Deir, the 2nd best-preserved façade in Petra
Near the Theater the way start to the 3-hour trip to the spectacular High place.
The High Place lies 200m above the city center.
Majestic Wadi Rum -- a vast, silent landscape of ancient riverbeds and pastel-coloured stretches of sandy desert, suddenly shattered by towering sandstone mountains and sheer, shimmering cliff-faces is only two hour drive from Petra to the south. Wadi Rum is hauntingly beautiful, and always privately moving -- a marvel of God's enduring creation, against which the measure of humankind seems so small and fleeting.
Its moonscape-like surface takes on subtly different hues throughout the day and night,changing with the seasons of the year. Here is an unspoilt natural beauty forged by millions of years of geological formation, erosion and evolution. It is only one-hour drive to the north of Aqaba. This is also home for the semi-nomadic Bedouin living in their great goat's hair tents,
tending their herds of sheep and goat, and preserving an ancient lifestyle that has been practiced in the Arabian Desert for thousands of years.
Wadi Rum is a vast house of clues from the past -- for almost every valley, mountainside or large
fallen boulder has some vestige or hint of human activity that took place here during the past several
thousand years. Everywhere there are Thamudic, Safaitic, Nabataean, Greek and Arabic graffiti
and some formal inscriptions, a rich repertoire of rock art depicting hunting scenes,
cultic symbols or just the fanciful creations of a passing shepherd or soldier, sophisticated hydraulic works such as dams and water channels, simple stone burials, remnants of little houses, rudimentary Stone Age rock shelters, and even an elaborate Nabataean temple. More recently, Rum was the scene of the exploits of Lawrence of Arabia during World War I, and the setting for the film that carried his name.
Wadi Rum has recently been discovered by the world's mountain climbers and hikers, attracted by its many as yet unscaled peaks, spectacular natural scenery, ase of access, comfortable year-round climate, and variety of available
walks, climbs,hikes and treks catering to advanced climbers or novice hikers alike.
The region has also become a favorite of hand-gliding clubs in the area,
with its near perfect conditions for hand gliding and kiting. Many adventurous travelers camp in small groups inside Wadi Rum, to capture the lasting memory of a warm summer night's moonrise against abackdrop of the star-filled southern sky of Jordan.